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Too many Australians do not get the flu vaccine. Why and what can we do about it?

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Australia’s childhood vaccination program enjoys great interest yearly – almost 94% of five-year-olds have undergone all routine vaccinations. However, our flu vaccination coverage is not that good.

Looking back last yearsfor youngsters aged six months to 5 years, we saw a peak in flu vaccination coverage at the starting of the Covid pandemic – 46%, and then in the 2023 season this rate dropped to 30%.

Although we are still relatively early in the 2024 flu season, only 7% of kids children under five years old received the flu vaccine this yr.

Although young children are of particular concern, influenza vaccination rates seem like lower in comparison with the general population. Reports indicate this from March 1 to April 2816% fewer people were vaccinated against influenza in comparison with the same period last yr.

So what’s occurring and what can we do to extend uptake?

Why do we vaccinate children against flu?

Last yr, reported cases of influenza were highest in children aged five to nine, followed by children aged zero to 4. This is not a brand new trend – yearly we record numerous cases of influenza and hospitalizations of kids. Yet This yr children aged zero to 4 had the highest variety of infections, barely ahead of kids aged five to nine.

Although children usually tend to catch and spread the flu, also they are more more likely to develop into seriously unwell. This applies particularly to children under five years of age, for whom the flu vaccine is on the market freed from charge.

The flu vaccine is not perfect – it could not completely prevent infections – nevertheless it’s definitely our greatest likelihood at protection. The study found that visits to the GP for flu were more frequent greater than half in vaccinated children in comparison with unvaccinated children.

Children are prone to the flu.
DavideAngelini/Shutterstock

So why don’t children get the vaccine?

This often comes right down to confusion about who’s eligible for the vaccine or for whom it is strongly recommended. However, we can solve this problem by persuading people through SMS reminder.

Some parents raise concerns about the vaccine, including the old dogma that it can cause influenza. Flu vaccine I can’t provide you with the flu since it does not contain live virus. Unfortunately, this myth may be very sticky.

For some parentsit can be a challenge to forget a reservation or get to an appointment.

Not only children are at increased risk

Adults 65 years of age and older are also more prone to the flu and may develop into unwell with the flu free vaccine. For this group, we are likely to move around 65% vaccinated. So far this yr, about 35% people over the age of 65 received the flu vaccine.

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander individuals are also eligible for a free flu vaccine. Although coverage rates were previously higher amongst Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in comparison with the overall population, this gap has narrowed. Especially since there’s even some backward movement in younger age groups.

The flu vaccine can also be free for pregnant women and anyone who has it medical condition corresponding to heart disease, chronic lung disease, diabetes or kidney disease.

Previous studies have shown coverage with the flu vaccine for pregnant women varies across the country from 39% to 76% (meaning that in some jurisdictions as much as 60% of pregnant women are not vaccinated). For adults with chronic conditions, we are not sure how many individuals are receiving the vaccine.

An elderly woman sits on the couch wrapped in a blanket and looks at the thermometer.
Older adults are at greater risk of getting the flu in comparison with younger adults.
Romantic Studio/Shutterstock

The reasons adults don’t at all times get the flu vaccine overlap with the reasons that affect children. Often concerns about unwanted side effects time constraints are cited as the reason for not vaccinating.

We know too access to medical services could also be difficult for some people, for instance those living in rural areas or experiencing financial difficulties.

Filling in the gaps

In Australia, GPs offer flu vaccinations to people of all ages, while flu vaccinations are also available from pharmacies, often from the age of 5.

While some people consciously select not to vaccinate themselves or their children, for many the barriers are related to access.

There are a growing variety of programs offering vaccinations outside the doctor’s office around the world, and they can help filling in the gapsespecially amongst those that do not have regular access to a family doctor.

For some people, the only point of contact with medical system may occur during emergency department visits. Others can have more regular contact with expert who coordinates their medical care, not their primary care physician.

Offers vaccine education and programs in these settings it has been shown to enhance vaccination rates and may play a key role in closing access gaps.

A male customer talking to a pharmacist.  They both smile.
Flu vaccines can be found at many pharmacies.
Jacob Lund/Shutterstock

Apart from medical facilities and pharmacies, the most typical place for Australian adults to receive a flu vaccine is in the workplace. AND questionnaire found that Australian adults find workplace vaccinations convenient and cost-effective, especially where free or subsidized vaccines are offered.

Expanding vaccination settings corresponding to z passing and mobile clinics, can profit groups which have unique barriers to access or are underserved. Meanwhile, offering vaccinations through faith-based organizations has been shown to enhance uptake amongst people racial and ethnic minorities.

This article was originally published on : theconversation.com
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Health and Wellness

Why don’t people disclose sexually transmitted diseases to their sexual partners? Stigma has a lot to do with it

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Global, over 1 million Curable sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are contracted every single day in people aged 15–49. These include chlamydia, gonorrhea and syphilis.

It is estimated that in Australia one in six people will receive an STI diagnosis over the course of their lives – and numbers they go up.

Very few common infections are as stigmatized as sexually transmitted diseases, making them a particularly complex public health issue. Stigma perpetuates shame and anxiety amongst people diagnosed with an STI about what it can lead to delay testing or treatment.

Stigma may make it difficult for people to tell their sexual partners about an STI diagnosis. AND recent research found that only about half of people have disclosed or imagine they need to disclose an STI to their partner before having sex.

Why don’t people disclose sexually transmitted diseases and why do they do it?

The study, published this month within the Journal of Sex Research, was a systematic review, meaning researchers analyzed the outcomes of several studies. They reviewed a total of 32 articles, mostly from the United States, with some from the United Kingdom and Australia. The study included a variety of sexually transmitted diseases but didn’t include HIV.

When researchers combined the outcomes of those studies, they found that only half or fewer people told their partner that they had an STI or felt they need to disclose this information to their partner before having sex.

The most typical reasons for not telling a sexual partner about a sexually transmitted disease were fear of the partner’s response and fear of rejection by the partner.

Some people didn’t feel they needed to tell their partners or saw it as a private matter – especially within the case of casual sexual encounters. Younger people under the age of 24 were less likely than older people to tell their sexual partners about sexually transmitted diseases.

Others felt there was no risk of transmission because they didn’t experience symptoms, or they felt that they had taken reasonable precautions to protect their sexual partner from transmitting an STI.

Condoms, when used appropriately, are one in all them probably the most effective means to protect against sexually transmitted diseases, including chlamydia and gonorrhea. But they did doesn’t necessarily protect against sexually transmitted diseases reminiscent of herpes, genital warts or syphilis, which might be transmitted skin to skin contact. Dental dams it can be used during oral sex to prevent sexually transmitted diseases.

Failure to disclose sexually transmitted diseases to a sexual partner – especially if effective protection will not be used – may cause problems. It may prevent someone who has potentially been exposed to a sexually transmitted disease or who has been infected with a sexually transmitted disease from receiving testing and treatment. The sexually transmitted disease can then be passed on to others.

People select to disclose or not disclose their STI status for a number of reasons.
RossHelen/Shutterstock

The review also found that some people abstain from sexual activity altogether after being diagnosed with an STI or refrain from getting into a recent sexual relationship to avoid telling their partner about their STI.

People who tell their partner about it have often reported that it is because they value honesty in their relationship or see disclosing STIs as a moral obligation. Others disclose their STD status to protect their partner’s health and avoid long-term problems reminiscent of infertility which can result from untreated infections. Some people tell their partner about it for emotional support.

Separate tests found that if people do not tell their sexual partner about an STI, it can lead to increased anxiety and lower sexual satisfaction for the person with the disease.

Easier disclosure of data about sexually transmitted diseases

Talking about an STI diagnosis might be awkward and uncomfortable. But resources can be found to help people talk to or help their partners about sexually transmitted diseases reveal an STI diagnosis.

They include confidential services that allow anonymous text or email notifications to be sent to sexual partners to notify them that they’ve potentially been exposed to a sexually transmitted disease.

These might be helpful for people who feel they’re unable to do so talk to your previous sexual partner about your diagnosis, for instance because your recent sexual partner was only a casual contact.

However, most people who disclose an STI prefer to do so speak directly with sexual partners, especially in the event that they are in a stable relationship.

Couple talking on the couch.
Talking about an STI might be difficult.
GaudiLab/Shutterstock

Fighting stigma is crucial

For young people, sex education at college often covers sexually transmitted diseases, but it ought to be done fastidiously. Education that focuses only about risks, dangers and “dangerous” parts sex alienates young people and may strengthen the stigma related to sexually transmitted diseases. So possibly make it less likely young people will seek screening for sexually transmitted diseases or reveal an infection.

A recent approach to comprehensive sex education emphasize the importance of supporting young people to develop secure, respectful and enjoyable sexual relationships.

Education should contain information that doesn’t embarrass demystifies sexually transmitted diseases reminding young people that they’re common, testing is easy and is the case with most sexually transmitted diseases easily curable.

But sexually transmitted diseases should not just a problem for young people. We cannot assume that somebody will routinely understand their sexual health once they reach maturity.

Investments in campaigns to standardize screening for sexually transmitted diseases, e.g DramaDownunder campaign, which uses explicit and humorous images to draw attention to stopping sexually transmitted diseases and testing gay, bisexual, queer and transgender men, can assist people seek sexual health services and discuss sexually transmitted diseases.

The Australian government recently launched this initiative Before the sport, a national promoting campaign to promote STD awareness and testing amongst adults. The success of this campaign will rely upon its ability to normalize open communication about sexual health and testing for sexually transmitted diseases among the many broader population.

The high levels of stigma and shame associated with STDs make them unique and a complex public health problem. Reducing rates of sexually transmitted diseases would require dealing with this stigma and shame.

This article was originally published on : theconversation.com
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Health and Wellness

Chicago police captain undergoes ‘life-saving’ double lung transplant after lung cancer – diagnosed with Covid-19

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Arthur Gillespie double lung transplant

A Chicago police captain looks like he’s been reborn.

Arthur “Art” Gillespie, 56, successfully underwent a double lung transplant on January 6, mandatory on account of damage from lung cancer and a severe case of COVID-19. According to People Magazinethe diagnosis of lung cancer coincided with a critical infection with the Covid-19 virus in March 2020, necessitating this life-saving procedure.

“I lost my dad, uncle and cousin to Covid-19,” Gillespie shared in a press release. “In February 2020, my dad and I went to visit my uncle at the care center and at the beginning of March we were all sick. I was hospitalized for 12 days with high fever and cough. At that time, I had lung X-rays done, which showed stage 1 lung cancer on my right lung. I had no symptoms of lung cancer, so in a sense – thanks to Covid – we were able to catch the cancer early.”

Gillespie underwent chemotherapy and in November 2020, two-thirds of his right lung was removed. Despite day by day physical therapy, he found that he “regressed” over the subsequent three years, which thwarted his plans to return to work as a captain on the University of Chicago Police Department.

“My left lung was damaged by Covid-19 and my right lung was damaged by lung cancer,” said Gillespie, who worked in law enforcement for 30 years.

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In September 2023, Gillespie — who ultimately needed day by day supplemental oxygen and was told he couldn’t be helped — tried his luck at Northwestern Medicine’s Canning Thoracic Institute.

Despite the police captain’s outward strength, Dr. Ankit Bharat, chief of thoracic surgery and director of the Canning Institute of Thoracic Surgery, said Gillespie could barely speak a sentence without losing his breath or walk greater than a number of steps before he had to take a seat down.

Dr. Bharat noted that Gillespie’s “only option for survival was a double-lung transplant” since the pressure in his lungs had also increased to the purpose of causing heart failure. However, on account of his health history, he may not have been a candidate for surgery at one other institution.

“Arthur is a warrior. He had two main problems – lung cancer and Covid-19,” said Bharat: Northwest medicine reported. “Historically, both conditions would have been considered unsuitable for lung transplantation, but we were able to treat both conditions with a double lung transplant procedure.”

Bharat said that although previous doctors had told Gillespie no, he was still on the lookout for answers. “I feel honored that we were able to help him because he spent so many years helping the community as a police captain,” he added.

A month after Bharat underwent Gillespie’s procedure, the police captain watched the Super Bowl with friends and didn’t must use a transportable oxygen concentrator on a regular basis.

“I actually have all the time tried to be optimistic; “glass half full,” Gillespie said, in accordance with People magazine. “And after all there’s the great side: if it weren’t for the coronavirus, there isn’t any telling how long (the cancer would have been undetected) because there have been no symptoms that might indicate that I used to be on this condition. “

This article was originally published on : thegrio.com
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Health and Wellness

Exclusive: Michael B. Jordan shares the one gym behavior that drives him up the wall

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Propel/PepsiCo

Not everyone can afford a gym membership or is situated near studios or perhaps a park, which makes finding opportunities to exercise very difficult. Actor Michael B. Jordan and Propel Fitness Water are working together to ensure these people aren’t forgotten. The actor and the brand are collaborating on an ongoing initiative called Propel Your City Project, which goals to extend fitness accessibility across the country. This project is relevant and timely given the ongoing desire to maintain people energetic and energetic.

This 12 months Drive your city’s design begins in the star’s hometown of Newark, New Jersey, with the launch of fitness centers where local organizations working to support communities and take away fitness barriers can run programs. Since it is a multi-city initiative, the program will expand beyond Newark and lightweight the fire for wellness in other cities as well. Over the past 12 months, the initiative has made impressive progress, providing over 160 free fitness classes and community-building initiatives in 4 different cities. The free classes began on June 8, and participants could have access to free classes Propel products containing electrolyte water because of Gatorade Water and Propel Fitness Water.

The actor matches into this partnership considering his ongoing reference to fitness, which is clear from his toned physique. The 37-year-old also has a sports background (he was a basketball player in highschool) and has played many film roles over the years in motion movies requiring lots of physical activity, from to .

ESSENCE spoke with Jordan to learn more about the program and see his wellness routine.

BEING: Tell me about the Propel Your City project and why you were forced to participate in it again.

Well, that is the second 12 months of Propel Your City and it’s an evolution of what we have done in Los Angeles with WalkGood LA. We partnered with WalkGood Los Angeles and created this space for them to operate and function a house for his or her fitness community. We wanted to search out a solution to scale this phenomenon and evolve it. So in the second 12 months we created a central space and this 12 months we’re working with up to 16 organizations.

This shall be a revolving space that other organizations can use. So, going from one to 16, which I believed was really, really necessary to scale and enable other groups, whether or not they’re mountaineering, cycling, yoga, or some other area of interest fitness program, you may make the most of this functions to make use of. Fitness is one of those things where I feel you is perhaps intimidated by trying out solo, but once you surround yourself with like-minded people and create a fitness community, you are more more likely to stick it out and achieve your fitness goals.

We’re actually going back to my hometown in Newark, New Jersey next weekend. We are joining forces with this rowing team. I didn’t even know there was a rowing team in Newark, but we found the Brick City rowing team and we’re constructing a dock for them on the Passaic River, which runs through my city.

I feel what’s necessary to me with the brands that I decide to work with and work with is how can we give back to the communities that ultimately support us? Propel has at all times said simply and truthfully that it has the same goal. We’re just trying to search out a solution to reconnect with the city, with the community.

Let’s talk somewhat about your fitness journey. From the outside it could seem that for you as an actor, physical fitness sometimes becomes a job. Since you could have to coach for roles like movies, how has that affected your relationship with fitness?

Sometimes it becomes work. But there’s also motivation there. You’re going to be on movie posters, so you could have to get an A and go to the gym and stop acting. This lights a further fire under you. But I also think the reality is that this [that] We only have one body and you could have to maintain it while you could have it, and it doesn’t get any easier the older you get.

Eating healthy, attempting to breathe and meditate once you feel overwhelmed or continually rushing, taking time for yourself for peace and quiet, I feel can also be incredibly necessary. And then it is also incredibly necessary to push your body, sweat, get your heart rate up and recuperate. Just cool off, stretch, ice bath, sauna, get in the pool, whatever it’s.

I feel all of this became a priority for me once I began training and taking my fitness a bit more seriously [and] I evolved from a child playing and competing in sports to a baby actor and as the roles and my athleticism began to meld together, my work life and training life became one. And now I can create opportunities for other kids who is probably not skilled athletes or skilled actors or whatever, but just wish to maintain themselves and their bodies. So it is a nice moment where we come full circle.

What wellness activities are you currently engaging in that keep you grounded?

I’m going to Shadowbox. I feel boxing has been a giant a part of my life for the last decade. This is my default setting because I understand how much cardio training takes and it is a discipline that keeps me focused. Besides, it is a solo sport. It’s something I do not need a full team for. I can go, placed on gloves, hit the bag and move through the shadow field. Sometimes it is a you-versus-you sport.

I like water. So anytime I can get right into a pool, ocean, hot tub, or some other form of water, I’m all for it. This is one other thing that helps with respiratory, stretching and mobility, in addition to cardio. These are the two things I often at all times come back to.

What is your favorite solution to go to the gym that you do not like or that turns you off once you go there?

I actually do not like running. I hate the treadmill. I just do not like running. I did this once I was a baby [and] I just didn’t prefer it anymore. But I feel the gym is crap as of late and it’s definitely a generational thing, but everyone seems to be on their phones and recording themselves and everybody just likes recording themselves understanding greater than they’re understanding. It’s something that keeps me isolated, if that is sensible.

Maybe it is a generational thing. I’d sound like an old guy, but whatever. It’s my business.

And what’s the one thing you like that makes you desire to return to the gym?

I feel it’s community. I feel it’s being around other individuals who have goals and can strive to realize them. You’re walking next to someone doing a set they usually’re struggling and you desire to notice them or vice versa. If you’re struggling and attempting to beat your personal best, or your form or something could also be off, they are going to stop and provide you with a clue as to where they are going to attempt to correct you. There’s only a social element. I’m a lone wolf, but I may run in a pack. So it’s pretty cool.

If you needed to sum it up in one sentence, what social impact do you hope this project could have?

I hope this initiative will attract the attention of people that want to realize their fitness goals and need to do it in a social setting. I feel that can be my opinion, period. But to expand on this, I feel overall that is an incredibly necessary topic. This is something we’ve got missed for a very long time. I feel now that fitness is a standard conversation, finding ways to exercise and the way you desire to show up and exercise, it’s really necessary. So we wish to open it up to numerous other ways of exercising. This isn’t just one solution to get in shape. Therefore, it can be crucial to have the ability to create and support several types of fitness groups, no matter where they need support.

This article was originally published on : www.essence.com
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